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ROMANS 1:16, 17

A definition of the 12 key words of Romans 1:16, 17

“For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith’ as it is written, ‘The just shall live by faith.’” (NKJ)

1. Gospel (Euangelion) “A good message” English: Evangel “In the N.T., it denotes the good tidings of the Kingdom of God and of salvation through Christ, to be received by faith, on the basis of His expiatory death, His burial, resurrection, and ascension.” (Vine’s Expository Dict) “The glad, merry tidings which makes men jump for joy.” (Old English)

2. Christ (Christos) “Anointed”. Used of the Lord Jesus, as a proper name. The Anointed One. Hebrew: “Messiah” Priests and Kings were anointed.

Acts 2:36 Jesus is His name – His Humanity Lord is His title – His Deity Christ is His office – His Ministry

3. Power (Dunamis) “Power” The power or might inherent in God. One of His Attributes. Denotes God’s unlimited, unbounded ability to do and accomplish everything He chooses. This power is manifested in creation and the miracles recorded in the Bible. The supernatural power of God is frequently rendered as “miraculous power”.

4. God (Theos) Occurs more than 1300 times in the N.T. Most of these presuppose the Old Testemant name “Elohim”. It means “The Great and Mighty One who makes covenants which He will never break”. There are four primary names for God in the Old Testament which reveal His Nature, Character and Person.

5. Salvation (Soteria) Deliverance. “The word denotes the spiritual and eternal deliverance granted by God to those who receive Christ and the present experience of God’s power to deliver from the bondage of sin, and the future deliverance of believers at the appearing of Christ for His saints.” (See 2 Corinthians 1:10 – we have been saved, we are being saved and we will be saved; past, present, future)

6. Believe (Pisteuo) To be persuaded of, to place confidence in, to rely on. It is not mere intellectual agreement. It is the verb of the word “faith”. It means to actively and personally receive Christ. (John 1:10-12)

7. Jew (Ioudaios) Originally, the designation of the Southern two tribes of Israel as distinct from the Northern Kingdom following the division of the Nation. The name came to distinguish the difference between the people of the old covenant and those who accepted Jesus as the Messiah. They were generally in opposition to Christ and opposed the Apostles. The name derives from the Tribe of Judah.

8. Greek/Gentiles (Ethnos) A nation, a people. A non-Jewish person, also referred to as “Gentile”. The terms became interchangeable.

9. Righteousness (Dikaiosune) The character or quality of being right. It is an attribute of God. It denotes the quality of Holiness in Him which finds its expression in His condemnation of sin. Paul uses it to convey the right relationship which is the gift of God to all who believe in Christ. It is the condition of being right with God.

10. Revealed (Apokalupto) To uncover or unveil. It is the truth declared in the Gospel. It is to make plain the position into which the believer is received as a result of repentance and receiving Christ. See Romans 2:16 and Galations 1:2.

11. Faith (Pistis) Firm persuasion, a conviction based on hearing. It is a response, a reaction, to a fact. It is the response of personal trust by which the Grace of God is received and the gift of salvation is bestowed by God.

12. Just (Dikaios) It is the root of Dikaiosune, “righteousness”; the state of being right with God. The revelation of the doctrine, “justification by faith”, is the truth which gave birth and impetus to the Protestant Reformation. It is the truth which has accompanied all the major Awakenings of Christian History.

A distinguishing mark of the renewals, revivals and great awakenings of the Christian faith under leaders such as Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Wesley and many others, is the rediscovery and proclamation of Romans 1:16, 17.

This truth is the heart and soul of the Evangelical movement. “Righteousness” and “Justification” are terms which convey a relationship of acceptance and peace with God. They are a position of complete and total forgiveness of sin which is bestowed as a gift when a sinner turns to God in repentance, and wholly trusts in the sacrifice of Christ and His resurrection from the dead.

“For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” (2 Cor. 5:21)

The Holy Spirit

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